Nicholas D. Kristof, Sheryl WuDunn / Global / 2009

Gendercide and women's worldwide disempowerment have direct moral implications (individuals and countries have an obligation to combat these occurrences) and direct impacts on economic development.

World Bank / Global / 2009

An overview of the development challenges in education; governance, higher education, science and technology, general education.

Jane Forston / sub-Saharan Africa / 2009

From the abstract: "This paper studies the response of fertility to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa...My results suggest that HIV/AIDS had very little impact on fertility, both overall and in a sample of HIV-negative women."

Erica Field, Nava Ashraf, Jean Lee / Zambia / 2009

This paper tests the role of spousal discordance in fertility preferences in explaining low rates of contraceptive use and high rates of unwanted births through a field experiment in Zambia.

William Easterly / Global / 2009

Easterly advocates a decentralized, democratized, "bottom up" approach to development, where political and social freedoms allow individuals to devise highly local, specific solutions to growth and development. This harks back to Friederich Hayek's advice to encourage liberty first, as prosperity would follow. (Link downloads a PowerPoint file.)

Erica Field, Omar Robles, Maximo Torero / Tanzania / 2009

From the abstract: "This research evaluates the impact of reductions in fetal IDD on child schooling attainment in Tanzania that resulted from an intensive distribution of iodized oil capsules (IOC) in several districts of the country between 1986 and 1994."

Cally Ardington, Anne Case, Victoria Hosegood / South Africa / 2009

From the abstract: "In this paper, we quantify the labor supply responses of prime-aged individuals to changes in the presence of old-age pensioners in their households, using longitudinal data recently collected in northern KwaZulu-Natal."

Rema Hanna, Leigh Linden / India / 2009

A study of discrimination in grading school exams - low-performing, low-caste and high-performing female students are the most disadvantaged by discrimination.

Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer, Jonathan Robinson / Kenya / 2009

A paper investigating the optimal levels of fertilizer subsidies. The paper "suggests such small, time-limited discounts yield higher welfare than either laissez faire or heavy subsidies by helping present-biased farmers commit to fertilizer use without inducing those with standard preferences to substantially overuse fertilizer."

Tahir Andrabi, Jishnu Das, Asim Khwaja, Tara Vishwanath, and Tristan Zajonc / Pakistan / 2009

An overview of Pakistan's government and private educational systems. Private schools are found to outperform government schools.