Pascaline Dupas / Kenya / 2010

From the abstract: "We find that, for a new technology with a lower usage cost than the technology it replaces, short-run subsidies increase long-run adoption through experience and social learning effects. We find no evidence that people anchor around subsidized prices."

Tahir Andrabi, Jishnu Das, Asim Khwaja / Pakistan / 2010

From the abstract: "The data support a supply-side explanation: in an environment with low female mobility due to cultural restrictions, women receive signi?cantly lower wages in the labor market. Private schools therefore locate in villages with a greater supply of local high-school educated women."

Abhijit Banerjee, Raghabendra Chattopadhyay, Esther Duflo, Jeremy Shapiro / India / 2010

From the abstract: "This study reports the results of a randomized evaluation of a program designed to reach [the poorest of the poor], assist them in establishing a reliable stream of income and "graduate" them to microfinance. Our results indicate that this particular intervention, which includes the direct transfer of productive assets and additional training, succeeds in elevating the economic situation of the poorest."

Dean Karlan, Martin Valvidia / Peru / 2010

From the abstract: "Using a randomized control trial, we measure the marginal impact of adding business training to a Peruvian group lending program for female microentrepreneurs. We find that the treatment led to improved business knowledge, practices and revenues. The program also improved repayment and client retention rates for the microfinance institution."

Robert Jensen / Dominican Republic / 2010

The author examines the perceived returns to schooling versus the actual returns, using middle school data from the Dominican Republic. Students at randomly selected schools given information on the higher actual returns completed more schooling, on average.

Orley Ashenfelter, David Card / 2010

A review of the economic returns of education literature; in particular, exploring the econometric techniques used to extract ability bias from estimates of economic returns.

Dilip Mookherjee, Sujata Visaria, Ulf von Lilienfeld-Toal / India / 2010

The authors investigate whether increasing credit enforcement exhibits adverse distributional effects (often attributed to the inelastic supply of credit), reducing access to credit for small businesses.

Jeffrey Sachs / Global / 2010

The MDGs have offered tangible benefits and paths to future improvement; the main obstacle now may be an ethical one, in that developed countries lack the political will to aggressively pursue and complete these goals by 2015.

The impact of conditional cash transfers on schooling and learning: Preliminary evidence from the Tayssir pilot in Morocco
Najy Benhassine, Florencia Devoto, Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas, Victor Pouliquen / Morocco / 2010
Owen Ozier / Kenya / 2010

Exploiting the admissions exam's cut-off, the author finds that secondary schooling increases human capital.