Hoyt Bleakley / USA, Mexico, Brazil, Colombia / 2010

Malaria eradication campaigns, driven largely by the use of DDT as a pesticide, are used as a source of exogenous change. Here, the author finds that malaria eradication led to higher incomes in adults who avoided malaria as children.

Brigit Helms / Global / 2010

A response to recent impact evaluations of microfinance, emphasizing the importance of microfinance in a poverty alleviation portfolio.

Emily Breza / India / 2010

An examination of the strength of peer effects on a borrower's repayment behavior following a large scale default in India.

Abhijit Banerjee, Rukmini Banerji, Esther Duflo, Rachel Glennerster, Stuti Khemani / India / 2010

From the abstract: "This paper evaluates three different interventions to encourage beneficiaries' participation through these committees: providing information, training community members in a new testing tool, and training and organizing volunteers to hold remedial reading camps for illiterate children. We find that these interventions had no impact on community involvement in public schools, and no impact on teacher effort or learning outcomes in those schools."

Sonalde Desai, Amaresh Dubey, Reeve Vanneman, Rukmini Banerji / India / 2010

From the abstract: "Using data from the recently collected India Human Development Survey, this paper seeks to provide a description of private schooling in India and examine the effects of private school enrollment on educational quality. The results suggest that controlling for the endogeneity of school choice, children in private schools have higher reading and arithmetic skills than those in government schools."

World Health Organization (WHO) / Global / 2010

WHO report on water and sanitation issues.

Pupil-Teacher Ratio, Teacher Management and Education Quality
Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas, Michael Kremer / 2010
Alix Zwane, Jonathan Zinman, Eric Van Dusen, William Pariente, Clair Null, Edward Miguel, Michael Kremer, Dean S. Karlan, Richard Hornbeck, Xavier Gine, Esther Duflo, Florencia Devoto, Bruno Crepon, Abhijit Banerjee / Global / 2010

From the abstract: "Does conducting a one-time household survey change the later behavior of those surveyed? Results from a two-stage field experiment on the purchase of hospitalization insurance in the Philippines suggest that it does."

Savings constraints and preventative health investments in Kenya
Pascaline Dupas, Jonathan Robinson / Kenya / 2010
Pascaline Dupas / Kenya / 2010

From the abstract: "We find that, for a new technology with a lower usage cost than the technology it replaces, short-run subsidies increase long-run adoption through experience and social learning effects. We find no evidence that people anchor around subsidized prices."