Davidson R. Gwatkin / India / 1979

An overview of the sterilization campaigns during 1970s Emergency India.

P.T. Bauer / Global / 1972

Central planning and foreign aid, the most popular tools of development economics in the 1950s to 1970s, only perpetuate poverty. Like Hayek and Easterly, Bauer emphasized individual liberty as the key to economic growth.

Peter Singer / Global / 1972

Citizens of relatively more affluent countries have a moral obligation to help those in poverty.

Claude Meillassoux / Cote d'Ivoire / 1965

Economic anthropology of the Gouro ethnic group in Cote d'Ivoire.

Gary Becker / 1960

A theoretical model is presented in which parents face a trade-off between quantity and "quality" (as proxied by investment) children.

D. Mazumdar / 1959

The wage rate will equal the marginal product of labor in both scenarios of traditional, "open" unemployment and "disguised" unemployment. Disguised unemployment is described as the situation, often found in developing country agricultural sectors, where, although the entire labor force is employed, the supply of labor hours exceeds the demand for hours).

The Road to Wigan Pier
George Orwell / UK / 1937

Essays on class and poverty in wartime UK.

Alfred Marshall / Global / 1890

An early economics and political economy textbook.

Thomas Malthus / Global / 1798

Outlines the limitations to agricultural production - which grows at a linear rate - in sustaining the population - which grows at an exponential rate. Malthus demonstrated that, given fixed resources, increasing population necessarily increases poverty.

Mizanur Rahman, Julie DaVanzo, Abdur Razzaque / Bangladesh /

From the abstract: "The purpose of this paper is to explore the possibility of further fertility decline in Bangladesh, with special attention to the role that might be played by further improvements in women