A. Ganesh-Kumar, Ashok Gulati, Ralph Cummings Jr. / India / 2006

The Indian public foodgrain management system is outdated; a modern system which is responsive to fluctuating markets and which ensures that the poor are targeted (and reached) is required.

Xavier Gine, Dean Karlan / Philippines / 2006

From the abstract: "Working with 169 previously formed group liability centers of approximately twenty women, we converted half to individual-liability centers (treatment) and kept the other half as-is with group liability (control). The weekly group meetings still occurred; only the group liability is removed. After one year, we find no increase in default and we find higher outreach due to more new clients joining the treatment groups."

Anne Case, Angus Deaton / India, South Africa / 2006

From the abstract: "This paper presents a descriptive account of health and economic status in India and South Africa – countries in very different positions in the international hierarchy of life expectancy and income. The paper emphasizes the lack of any simple and reliable relationship between health and wealth between and within our sites in rural Rajasthan, in a shack township outside of Cape Town, and in a rural South African site that, until 1994, was part of a Bantustan."

Krislert Samphantharak, Robert Townsend / 2006

From the abstract: "We use and modify the rigorous standards of corporate financial accounting to create the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows for households in developing countries. The purpose is to better measure productivity, risk, financing, and portfolio management in an analysis of high frequency panel data. What emerges is an analogy between households and corporate firms."

Krislert Samphantharak, Robert Townsend / 2006

From the abstract: "We use and modify the rigorous standards of corporate financial accounting to create the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows for households in developing countries. The purpose is to better measure productivity, risk, financing, and portfolio management in an analysis of high frequency panel data. What emerges is an analogy between households and corporate firms."

Rajiv Chandrasekaram / Iraq / 2006

An involved and revealing account of the Coalition Provisional Authority's role in Iraq in 2003-2004; with special focus on the American base in the Republican Palace, the growing insurgency, and the eventual dissolution of the CPA.

Joshua Angrist, Eric Bettinger, Michael Kremer / Colombia / 2006

Another study examining the Colombian government's vouchers program - here, the authors find long-term educational impacts (secondary school graduation rates increase, as do test scores).

Nazmul Chaudhury, Jeffrey Hammer, Michael Kremer, Karthik Muralidharan, F. Halsey Rogers / Global / 2006

From the abstract: "In this paper, we report results from surveys in which enumerators made unannounced visits to primary schools and health clinics in Bangladesh, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Peru, and Uganda and recorded whether they found teachers and health workers in the facilities."

Nazmul Chaudhury, Jeffrey Hammer, Michael Kremer, Karthik Muralidharan, Halsey Rogers / Bangladesh, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Peru, Uganda / 2006

A multi-country study that examines teacher absenteeism. From the abstract: "We find that absence rates are generally higher in poorer regions. Absence is typically fairly widespread, rather than being concentrated on a small number of 'ghost' workers."

Nancy Qian, / China / 2006

Using a natural experiment (China's "1-son-2-child" policy; a relaxation of the One Child Policy), the author finds that "an additional sibling signi?cantly increases school enrollment of the ?rst child."