Michael Kremer, Edward Miguel, Rebecca Thornton / Kenya / 2007

From the abstract: "We report results from a randomized evaluation of a merit scholarship program in Kenya in which girls who scored well on academic exams at the end of 6th grade had their school fees paid and received a cash grant for school supplies over the next two years. In the sample as a whole, girls eligible for the scholarship showed substantial gains in academic exam scores, and teacher attendance also improved significantly in program schools."

Jishnu Das, Jeffrey Hammer / India / 2007

From the abstract: "The quality of medical care received by patients varies for two reasons: differences in doctors' competence or differences in doctors' practice. Using medical vignettes, we evaluated competence for a sample of doctors in Delhi. One month later, we observed the same doctors in their practice."

Benjamin Olken / Indonesia / 2007

From the abstract: "This paper presents a randomized ?eld experiment on reducing corruption in over 600 Indonesian village road projects... Overall, the results suggest that traditional topdown monitoring can play an important role in reducing corruption, even in a highly corrupt environment."

Marianne Bertrand, Simeon Djankov, Rema Hanna, Sendhil Mullainathan / India / 2007

A randomized control trial investigated the relative difficulty or ease of obtaining a driver's license in Delhi. The authors find that the license testing system suffers from corruption, in that a financial bonus for obtaining a license outperformed actual driving skill measures.

Shin-Yi Chou, Jin-Tan Liu, Michael Grossman, Theodore Joyce / Taiwan / 2007

Using the same natural experiment in Taiwan, the authors find long-run infant health impacts of maternal schooling.

Martina Bjorkman, Jakob Svensson / Uganda / 2007

From the abstract: "This paper analyzes the importance of strengthening the relationship of accountability between health service providers and citizens for improving access to and quality of health care. How this is to be achieved, and whether it works, however, remain open questions. The paper presents a randomized field experiment on increasing community-based monitoring...The findings on staff behavior suggest that the improvements in quality and quantity of health service delivery resulted from an increased effort by the staff to serve the community. Overall, the results suggest that community monitoring can play an important role in improving service delivery when traditional top-down supervision is ineffective."

Abhijit Banerjee, Shawn Cole, Esther Duflo, Leigh Linden / India / 2007

From the abstract: "This paper presents the results of two randomized experiments conducted in schools in urban India. A remedial education program hired young women to teach students lagging behind in basic literacy and numeracy skills. It increased average test scores of all children in treatment schools by 0.28 standard deviation, mostly due to large gains experienced by children at the bottom of the test-score distribution."

Kathleen D. Vohs, Ronald J. Faber / USA / 2007

From the abstract: "This research investigated impulse buying as resulting from the depletion of a common

Deborah Small, George Loewenstein, Paul Slovic / Global / 2007

From the abstract: "In a series of field experiments, we show that teaching or priming people to recognize the discrepancy in giving toward identifiable and statistical victims has perverse effects: individuals give less to identifiable victims but do not increase giving to statistical victims, resulting in an overall reduction in caring and giving. Thus, it appears that, when thinking deliberatively, people discount sympathy towards identifiable victims but fail to generate sympathy toward statistical victims."

Paul Collier / Global / 2007

Collier examines fifty "failed states" - countries, often underemphasized in the media and mainstream development policy, who are dropping further into absolute poverty and suffer from corrupt governments.