Daryl Collins, Jonathan Morduch, Stuart Rutherford, Orlanda Ruthven / Bangladesh, India, South Africa / 2009

Using financial diaries, the authors illuminate savings behavior among the poor.

Lori Beaman, Raghabendra Chattopadhyay, Esther Duflo, Rohini Pande, Petia Topalova / India / 2009

From the abstract: "Many countries have introduced political a?rmative action for women to improve female representation, often with the explicit hope of reducing perceived voters

Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Rachel Glennerster / India / 2009

The paper examines the results of a randomized monitoring experiment conducted on nurses in Udaipur, India. While initially effective, the program was eventually undermined by collusion between the moniters and "monitorees", who forged attendance records.

Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Rachel Glennerster / India / 2009

From the abstract: "The public Indian health care system is plagued by high staff absence, low effort by providers, and limited use by potential beneficiaries who prefer private alternatives. This artice reports the results of an experiment carried out with a district administration and a nongovernmental organization (NGO)." While nurses initially responded to incentives, collusion between nurses and supervisors eventually muted the impacts.

Anne Case, Alicia Menendez / South Africa / 2009

From the abstract: "We find that large outlays of money at the time of the funeral leave households vulnerable to future hardship. Householdsthat buried a member report lower spending per person, poorer adult affect, and lower rates of school enrollment for children than do other households."

A. Hare, C.F. Camerer, A. Rangel / 2009

From the abstract: "Every day, individuals make dozens of choices between an alternative with higher overall value and a more tempting but ultimately inferior option. Optimal decision-making requires self-control. We propose two hypotheses about the neurobiology of self-control."

Michael Kremer, Jessica Leino, Edward Miguel, and Alix Zwane / Kenya / 2009

Community spring investments have direct impacts on health outcomes. " We estimate that private property norms would generate little additional investment while imposing large static costs due to above marginal-cost pricing, private property would function better at higher income levels or under water scarcity, and alternative institutions could yield Pareto improvements."

UNICEF / Global / 2009

From the website: "The State of the World's Children 2009 examines critical issues in maternal and newborn health, underscoring the need to establish a comprehensive continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children. "

R. van den Bos, M. Hartevald, H. Stoop / 2009

From the abstract: "High cortisol responders are more sensitive to immediate rewards than low cortisol responders. In this study we therefore tested whether acute stress in male and female subjects, induced by the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), affects decision-making as measured by the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and to what extent this is related to cortisol reactivity."

William Easterly / Global / 2009

Easterly critiques Paul Collier's interventionist development agenda, labeling it overly neocolonialist and militaristic and based on faulty assumptions and poor statistics.