Erica Field, Seema Jayachandran, Rohini Pande / India / 2010

The authors examine the relationship between social restrictions and the ability to benefit from a business training; specifically, how religious community and its relative restrictions may impact women's benefits of the training program. The more highly restricted women in the Hindu community benefited from the training; the restricted women in the Muslim community did not.

Bruno Crepon, Florencia Devoto, Esther Duflo, William Pariente / Morocco / 2010

A randomized evaluation of microcredit in Morocco.

Alejandro Drexler, Greg Fischer, Antoinette Schoar / Dominican Republic / 2010

From the abstract: "Two randomized trials test the impact of financial training on firm-level and individual outcomes for microentrepreneurs in the Dominican Republic. We find no significant effect from a standard, fundamentals-based accounting training. However, a simplified, rule-of-thumb training produced significant and economically meaningful improvements in business practices and outcomes."

Abhijit Banerjee, Raghabendra Chattopadhyay, Esther Duflo, Jeremy Shapiro / India / 2010

From the abstract: "This study reports the results of a randomized evaluation of a program designed to reach [the poorest of the poor], assist them in establishing a reliable stream of income and "graduate" them to microfinance. Our results indicate that this particular intervention, which includes the direct transfer of productive assets and additional training, succeeds in elevating the economic situation of the poorest."

Dean Karlan, Martin Valvidia / Peru / 2010

From the abstract: "Using a randomized control trial, we measure the marginal impact of adding business training to a Peruvian group lending program for female microentrepreneurs. We find that the treatment led to improved business knowledge, practices and revenues. The program also improved repayment and client retention rates for the microfinance institution."

Suresh del Mel, David McKenzie, Christopher Woodruff / Sri Lanka / 2009

From the abstract: "This paper analyzes data from a randomized experiment on mean returns to capital in Sri Lankan micro-enterprises. The findings show greater returns among men than among women; indeed, returns were not different from zero for women. The authors explore different explanations for the lower returns among female owners, and find no evidence that the gender gap is explained by differences in ability, risk aversion, or entrepreneurial attitudes."

Cally Ardington, Anne Case, Victoria Hosegood / South Africa / 2009

From the abstract: "In this paper, we quantify the labor supply responses of prime-aged individuals to changes in the presence of old-age pensioners in their households, using longitudinal data recently collected in northern KwaZulu-Natal."

Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Rachel Glennerster, Cynthia Kinnan / India / 2009

From the abstract: "This paper reports on the first randomized evaluation of the impact of introducing microcredit in a new market. Half of 104 slums in Hyderabad, India were randomly selected for opening of an MFI branch while the remainder were not. We show that the intervention increased total MFI borrowing, and study the e§ects on the creation and the proÖtability of small businesses, investment, and consumption."

David Atkin / Mexico / 2009

The author demonstrates that women working in an export manufacturing factory had significantly taller children.

David McKenzie, Christopher Woodruff / Mexico / 2008

From the abstract: "We report on the results of a randomized experiment which gave cash and in-kind grants to small retail firms, providing an exogenous shock to capital. We find that this shock generated large increases in profits, with the effects concentrated on firms which were more financially constrained."