B.P. Ramos, A.F.T. Arnsten / 2007

From the abstract: "Norepinephrine (NE) has widespread projections throughout the brain, and thus, is ideally positioned to orchestrate neural functions based on arousal state. "

A Survey of Occupations and Livelihoods of Households in West Bengal
Nirmala Banerjee / India / 2006
D. Knoch, A. Pascual-Leone, K. Meyer, V. Treyer, E. Fehr / 2006

From the abstract: "Despite progress in recent years, however, little is known about how the human brain limits the impact of selfish motives and implements fair behavior. Here we show that disruption of the right, but not the left, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) by low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation substantially reduces subjects' willingness to reject their partners' intentionally unfair offers, which suggests that subjects are less able to resist the economic temptation to accept these offers."

Seema Jayachandran / India / 2006

A theoretical and empirical paper investigating the responsiveness of wages to productivity risk in agricultural, low-income areas. The author finds that agricultural wages in India, for example, are much more variable than such wages in the US.

Marcel Fafchamps, Susan Lund / Philippines / 2003

Using data from rural Filipino households, examines how these households respond to shocks. The authors find the use of informal networks - family and friends - which offer flexible, zero interest loans.

Jeemol Unni, Uma Rani, / India / 2003

A theoretical model and empirical evidence are presented regarding the social protection mechanisms informal workers face.

Paul Gertler, Jonathan Gruber / Indonesia / 2002

From the abstract: "One of the most sizable and least predictable shocks to economic opportunities in developing countries is major illness.We investigate the extent to which families are able to insure consumption against major illness using a unique panel data set from Indonesia that combines excellent measures of health status with consumption information."

Christopher Udry / Nigeria / 1994

Examines village risk-sharing markets, in particular loan repayment in the presence of shocks, in rural Nigeria.

Hans Binswanger, Mark Rosenzweig / India / 1993

From the abstract: "This paper utilizes panel data from rural India to examine how the composition of asset holdings varies across farme rs with different levels of total wealth and across farmers facing different degrees of weather risk."

Mark Rosenzweig, Oded Stark / India / 1989

The authors aim to explain marriage-driven migration by women as a manifestation of interhousehold networking, often with the purpose of sharing risk and income smoothing. Evidence from rural south India is presented.