World Bank / Global / 2004

Success in reaching the MDGs will depend not just on faster economic growth and the flow of resources, but on the ability to translate those resources into basic services, especially in health, education, water, and sanitation. Too often, the delivery of services falls far short of what could be achieved, especially for the poor.

Leonard Wantchekon / Benin / 2003

From the abstract: "This article reports on a randomized field experiment designed and implemented in the context of the first round of the 2001 presidential elections in Benin in order to provide a nuanced and parsimonious investigation of the impact of clientelism on voting behavior. The empirical results show that clientelism works for all types of candidates but particularly well for regional and incumbent candidates. The results indicate that women voters have stronger preference for public goods than do men and that younger and older voters have similar policy preferences."

Nicholas Van de Walle / sub-Saharan Africa / 2003

From the abstract: "This paper analyses the parties and party systems that have begun to emerge in sub-Saharan Africa

Raymond Fisman / Indonesia / 2001

Examining Suharto's dictatorship in Indonesia, the author finds that stock market values of businesses by Suharto's relatives fell or rose with his health - indicating that businesses connected to him enjoyed greater market value.

Daron Acemoglu, Simon Johnson, James Robinson / Global / 2001

From the abstract: "We exploit differences in European mortality rates to estimate the effect of institutions on economic performance. Europeans adopted very different colonization policies in different colonies, with different associated institutions...Exploiting differences in European mortality rates as an instrument for current institutions, we estimate large effects of institutions on income per capita."

P.T. Bauer / Global / 1972

Central planning and foreign aid, the most popular tools of development economics in the 1950s to 1970s, only perpetuate poverty. Like Hayek and Easterly, Bauer emphasized individual liberty as the key to economic growth.